A central vacuum cleaner (also known as built-in or ducted) is a type of vacuum cleaner appliance, installed into a building as a semi-permanent fixture. Central vacuum systems are designed to remove dirt and debris from homes and buildings, sending dirt particles through tubing installed inside the walls to a collection container in a remote utility space. They are also designed to keep your hands free, without the need to carry a vacuum system in every room.
The power unit is a permanent fixture, typically installed in a basement, garage, or storage room, along with the collection container. Inlets are installed in walls throughout the building that attach to power hoses and other central vacuum accessories to remove dust, particles, and small debris from interior rooms. Most power hoses typically have a power switch located on the handle.
• Increased suction power
• Ability to handle “difficult” debris
• Complete removal of allergens and noxious odors
• Low acoustic noise
• Convenient cleaning
• Low consumables cost
• Reduced damage and wear to furniture and walls
• Durable equipment
• Free your hands. There is not need to carry a vacuum cleaner in every room.
Central vacuum systems require periodic emptying of the dirt canister or replacing the filter bag, typically 2–4 times per year.
Filterless cyclonic separation systems only require emptying the dirt collection container before the suction drops off as an almost-full condition is reached. Many cyclonic vacuum systems now feature translucent dirt collection canisters, allowing quick inspection without removing the canister.
Rarely, a central vacuum system may become clogged, especially if the tubing was poorly installed, or if the system is abused by vacuuming sticky substances (such as paint or glue or wet foodstuffs). A homeowner can usually use simple tools and techniques to locate and remove the obstruction, or can hire a professional vacuum installer to do repairs.